Read e-book online Alphonse Merrheim: The Emergence of Reformism in PDF

By N. Papayanis

this is often apoliticalbiography ofAlphonseMerrheim, asignificant chief of the Conf6d6ration G6n6raledu Travail(CGT)intheyears among 1904 and 1923 and an important member of the Federation of Metalworkers through the sameperiod. Hewas born inthe Nord in 1871 and becameaworkeratanearlyage, firstinmetallurgythanintextiles and eventually once again in metalworking. In his ideologicalevolution hepassed via asocialistpoliticalpartyandthenconvertedtorevolutionarys- dicalism. In his odd fusion of idea and perform, Merrheim represented a sort of progressive syndicalism that is helping outline the features of that circulate. He believed, alongwithother revo- tionary syndicalists, that at some point a employees' basic strike may ov- throw capitalism. however the syndicalist circulation wouldpreparethat ev- tualitybystrengtheningtheworkersthrough socialreformsandbycreating their classification realization via schooling. Merrheim, notwithstanding, p- ticipatedsothoroughly intradeunionactivityandstudiedtheorganization of capitalistindustry so carefullythat he cametoemphasizetheprepa- tions for one of these generalstrike even more than thestrikeitself. The try out of his angle cameon theeve of, in the course of, and instantly afterWorld conflict I; for opposite tothe calls for of convinced militant and progressive workerswhobelievedthatthethreatofwar andthenthedislocationcaused by means of the warfare demanded a progressive reaction, Merrheim repeatedly stressedthe risks ofsuch anaction ahead of the adequatepreparation of the staff. Hissteadfast refusaleventorespondtothestrikeactions of a few ofhisown metalworkers in 1919 exhibits the critical contradiction among hisrevolutionary conception and reformistpractice. This ebook examinesindetailMerrheim'sevolution fromarevolutionary to areformer. Insodoingit alsoshedslightonanequallysubstantialtopic, particularly, howacertaintypeofworkerrespondedtoindustrializationinthe overdue 19th and earlytwentiethcenturies. Merrheim is a fascinating determine, too, becauseofhispositioninthelabormovement, foritrepresents a distinct focalpoint forthestudy oflaborhistory. Merrheim enteredthe Frenchlabormovement within the Nineties and remainedactiveinituntil 1923. in the course of that periodhewas, successively, alocalunion chief, co-secretary xii of a nationallaborfederation, and animportant figurewithinthe CGT. by no means thesecretary-generaloftheCGT, hewasneverthelesstheconfident of thesecretary-generalfrom 1909, L6on Jouhaux.

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Alphonse Merrheim: The Emergence of Reformism in Revolutionary Syndicalism, 1871 – 1925 (Studies in Social History) by N. Papayanis


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